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华为配置浮动路由和双向转发检测BFD(Bidirectional Forwarding Detection)

Monster
2023-07-04 / 0 评论 / 2 点赞 / 14 阅读 / 5976 字 / 正在检测是否收录...
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华为配置浮动路由和双向转发检测BFD(Bidirectional Forwarding Detection)

拓扑图

电脑配置

pc1:192.168.10.1/24

pc2:192.168.20.1/24

AR1路由器配置

配置4个接口的地址

ge0/0/0:192.168.10.254/24

ge0/0/1:192.168.20.254/24

ge0/0/2:12.1.1.1/30

ge4/0/0:13.1.1.1/30

<Huawei>system-view
Enter system view, return user view with Ctrl+Z.
[Huawei]undo info-center enable
Info: Information center is disabled.
[Huawei]sysname AR1
[AR1]interface gigabitethernet 0/0/0
[AR1-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]ip address 192.168.10.254 24
[AR1-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]q
[AR1]interface gigabitethernet 0/0/1
[AR1-GigabitEthernet0/0/1]ip address 192.168.20.254 24
[AR1-GigabitEthernet0/0/1]q
[AR1]interface gigabitethernet 0/0/2
[AR1-GigabitEthernet0/0/2]ip address 12.1.1.1 30
[AR1-GigabitEthernet0/0/2]q
[AR1]interface gigabitethernet 4/0/0
[AR1-GigabitEthernet4/0/0]ip address 13.1.1.1 30
[AR1-GigabitEthernet4/0/0]q
[AR1]

配置出口路由地址

[AR1]acl 2000
[AR1-acl-basic-2000]rule 1 permit source 192.168.10.0 0.0.0.255
[AR1-acl-basic-2000]rule 2 permit source 192.168.20.0 0.0.0.255
[AR1-acl-basic-2000]quit
[AR1]interface gigabitethernet 0/0/2
[AR1-GigabitEthernet0/0/2]nat outbound 2000
[AR1-GigabitEthernet0/0/2]
[AR1-GigabitEthernet0/0/2]quit
[AR1]interfa gigabitethernet 4/0/0
[AR1-GigabitEthernet4/0/0]nat outbound 2000
[AR1-GigabitEthernet4/0/0]qui
[AR1]

配置静态路由

电信,联通两条路都可以走

[AR1]
[AR1]ip route-static 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 12.1.1.2
[AR1]ip route-static 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 13.1.1.2
[AR1]

这时候优先级都是默认60

但是它走的下面联通路线,我们要求优先走电信上面的路线

给联通的优先级调大一点(90),数字越小越优先

[AR1]
[AR1]ip route-static 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 13.1.1.2 preference 90
Info: Succeeded in modifying route.
Apr 11 2023 15:04:53-08:00 AR1 %%01RM/4/IPV4_DEFT_RT_CHG(l)[0]:IPV4 default Rout
e is changed. (ChangeType=Delete, InstanceId=0, Protocol=Static, ExitIf=GigabitE
thernet4/0/0, Nexthop=13.1.1.2, Neighbour=0.0.0.0, Preference=1509949440, Label=
NULL, Metric=0) 
[AR1]

这时候默认走上面电信,当上面的线路出现故障才走下面的联通

AR2路由器配置

配置两边端口的ip

ge0/0/0:12.1.1.2/30

ge0/0/1:100.1.1.1/30

<Huawei>
<Huawei>system-view
Enter system view, return user view with Ctrl+Z.
[Huawei]undo info-center enable
Info: Information center is disabled.
[Huawei]sysname AR2
[AR2]interface gigabitethernet 0/0/0
[AR2-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]ip address 12.1.1.2 30
[AR2-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]quit
[AR2]interface gigabitethernet 0/0/1
[AR2-GigabitEthernet0/0/1]ip address 100.1.1.1 30
[AR2-GigabitEthernet0/0/1]q
[AR2]

OSPF宣告所有网段

[AR2]
[AR2]ospf 1
[AR2-ospf-1]area 0
[AR2-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]network 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0
[AR2-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]quit
[AR2-ospf-1]quit

AR3路由器配置

ge0/0/1:13.1.1.2/30

ge0/0/0:200.1.1.1/30

<Huawei>system-view
Enter system view, return user view with Ctrl+Z.
[Huawei]undo info-center enable
Info: Information center is disabled.
[Huawei]sysname AR3
[AR3]interface gigabitethernet 0/0/1
[AR3-GigabitEthernet0/0/1]ip address 13.1.1.2 30
[AR3-GigabitEthernet0/0/1]quit
[AR3]interface gigabitethernet 0/0/0
[AR3-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]ip address 200.1.1.1 30
[AR3-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]quit
[AR3]

OSPF宣告所有网段

[AR3]
[AR3]ospf 1
[AR3-ospf-1]area 0
[AR3-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]network 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0
[AR3-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]quit
[AR3-ospf-1]quit
[AR3]

AR4路由器配置

ge0/0/0:100.1.1.2/30

ge0/0/1:200.1.1.2/30

le0:22.22.22.22/32

<Huawei>system-view
Enter system view, return user view with Ctrl+Z.
[Huawei]undo info-center enable
Info: Information center is disabled.
[Huawei]sysname AR4
[AR4]interface gigabitethernet 0/0/1
[AR4-GigabitEthernet0/0/1]ip address 100.1.1.2 30
[AR4-GigabitEthernet0/0/1]quit
[AR4]interface gigabitethernet 0/0/0
[AR4-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]ip address 200.1.1.2 30
[AR4-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]quit
[AR4]interface loopback 0
[AR4-LoopBack0]ip address 22.22.22.22 32
[AR4-LoopBack0]quit
[AR4]

OSPF宣告所有网段

[AR4]
[AR4]
[AR4]ospf 1
[AR4-ospf-1]area 0
[AR4-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]network 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 
[AR4-ospf-1-area-0.0.0.0]quit
[AR4-ospf-1]

BFD检测配置

在路由和电信中间新增一台不做配置的交换机

这时候依然优先走上面电信线路

但是如果LSW1这台新增交换机的ge 0/0/2接口或电脑的ge 0/0/0接口出现故障,网络就会瘫痪,除非是LSW1的ge 0/0/2端口出现故障才会自动切换走联通路线。

这时候使用BFD,快速检测设备发送和接收两端的通信故障,可以避免发生此类事件。

AR1路由器BFD配置

[AR1]
[AR1]bfd
[AR1-bfd]bfd 1 bind peer-ip 12.1.1.2 source-ip 12.1.1.1 auto
[AR1-bfd-session-1]commit
[AR1-bfd-session-1]quit

上面这条路由跟踪刚刚设置的BFD,如果BFD不通了,就删掉上面的路由,从而实现上面线路出现故障自动走下面。

[AR1]
[AR1]ip route-static 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 12.1.1.2 track bfd-session 1
Info: Succeeded in modifying route.
Apr 11 2023 16:02:23-08:00 AR1 %%01RM/4/IPV4_DEFT_RT_CHG(l)[13]:IPV4 default Rou
te is changed. (ChangeType=Delete, InstanceId=0, Protocol=Static, ExitIf=Gigabit
Ethernet0/0/2, Nexthop=12.1.1.2, Neighbour=0.0.0.0, Preference=1006632960, Label
=NULL, Metric=0) 
[AR1]

AR2路由器BFD配置

[AR2]
[AR2]bfd
[AR2-bfd]bfd 1 bind peer-ip 12.1.1.1 source-ip 12.1.1.2 auto
[AR2-bfd-session-1]commit
[AR2-bfd-session-1]quit
[AR2]

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